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(Placenames mentioned in the records on this site)
Turkish Peninsula in the Aegean Sea. It stems from the 'European' side of Turkey. Between it and the 'Asiatic' side flow the Dardanelles. 'Gallipoli' is a Greek name; the modern Turkish town, formerly known as Gallipoli, is Gelibolu.
[Australian and New Zealand Army Corps - 'ANZAC' - fully capitalised as it is an acronym].
[The term used for soldiers of the A&NZ Army Corps - 'Anzacs' - not capitalised as it is a proper noun].
The name applied to the area of the Gallipoli Peninsula held largely by the A&NZA Corps. ('Anzac sector' - not fully capitalised as it is a proper noun).
Also the name of the cove at which the majority of the Anzacs landed on 25th April 1915, officially re-named Anzac Cove ( Anzak Koyu ) in 1985 (not fully capitalised as it is a proper noun).
Helles (Cape Helles)
The area of the Gallipoli Peninsula at which the British forces landed on 25th April 1915. This is the 'toe' of the peninsula, south of the village of Krithia, and was also where the French landed on 27th April after their diversionary landing at Kum Kale, on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles.
Suvla Bay. The area of the Gallipoli Peninsula, north of the Anzac sector, at which fresh British forces landed in August 1915.
The long, narrow channel of water flowing from the Sea of Marmara (or Marmora) to the Mediterranean Sea. 'The Narrows' is a section of the Dardanelles, where the channel contracts to less than three-quarters of a mile (1200 metres), in the vicinity of the towns of Channakale (Asiatic side) and Eceabat (European side). 'Dardanelles' is also used as a term to refer to the Gallipoli campaign, and often appears in soldiers' letters home as their 'address' at the front. (See also 'Gaba Tepe').
A headland about a mile and a quarter south of the Anzac right flank. The Anzac landing was originally known as the Gaba (or Kaba) Tepe landing. Gaba Tepe was a heavily fortified Turkish observation and artillery position, and was one of the objectives of the original plan for the Landing. Gaba Tepe is often mentoned in orders, letters and diaries, but this means in fact the Anzac sector of the peninsula. Even today, some writers state that the Anzacs landed at Gaba Tepe. This is incorrect. In early May an attempt was made by Australian forces to attack the position, but was repulsed with heavy losses. See the record for Lieutenant HWBL Thompson, killed in this action.
Turkish geographic terms
with English equivalents and example
|Bair||Slope or Spur||Chunuk Bair|
|Burnu||Cape or Point||Ari Burnu (The point at the northern end of Anzac Cove)|
|Kuyu||Well||Kabak Kuyu and Susak Kuyu (Important wells near Hill 60)|
|Sirt||Slope||Kirimizi Sirt (Crimson Slope; Turkish name for Johnston's Jolly)|
It should be noted that, particularly in the first few days of the fighting at Anzac, many positions were still unnamed. If a soldier was killed at or near the spot where, later, a post or a trench were established and named, that name has been used to indicate the place at which he died.
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